First flight :20 May 1999
Initial operational capability : December 2000
Role :Air-superiority; air interdiction; SEAD
Designer :Sukhoi Design Bureau
Manufacturer :KnAAPO at Komsomolsk-na-Amur
Estimated cost :US$52 million
Length : 21.94m
Wingspan : 14.70m
Height : 6.40m
Wing area : 62.04 square metres
Empty : N/A
Normal take-off : 24,900kg
Max take-off : 34,500kg
Fuel capacity (internal) : 9,400kg
4,000kg normal load
8,000kg maximum allowable load
Powerplant : 2X Russian Lyulka-Saturn AL-31F turbofan
Thrust (dry) : 149.06kN
Thrust (afterburning) : 245.18kN
Max level speed:
at altitude 2,150km/h at 11,000m, Mach 2.0
at sea level 1,350km/h
Max climb rate :18,300m/min (sea level)
Service ceiling :17,300m
at sea level: 1,270km
at altitude: 3,000km
with one refuelling: 5,200km
with two refuellings: 8,000km
G limit :+9
Fixed weapon :Single-barrel 30mm GSh-301 cannon (150 rounds)
External hardpoints :12 (2 tandem under the fuselage centerline; 2 under the air ducts; 6 under the wings; 2 on the wingtips
Air-to-air missiles: R-27 (AA-10 Alamo), R-73 (AA-11 Archer), R-77 (AA-12 Adder)
Air-to-surface missiles: Kh-29T, Kh-31P/A, Kh-59ME
Bomb : LGB: KAB-500Kr, KAB-1500Kr
Free-fall cluster bombs: 250kg, 500kg
Other :Unguided rocket launchers
Fire-control radar :NIIP Tikhomirov N001E Myech coherent pulse Doppler radar
OEPS-31E-MK electro-optic system
Helmet-mounted sight (HMS)
Gardeniya ECM pods
UOMZ Sapsan-E forward-looking infrared/laser targeting pod
M400 reconnaissance suite
The Su-30MK2 multi-role fighter is designed to gain air superiority through killing hostile manned and unmanned aircraft with guided missiles in medium-range engagements and dogfights, and surface (ground and sea) targets destroying with all types of weapon, first of all with high precision weapon in individual and group operations in all-weather conditions. The aircraft can be used for training flying personnel to hone their flying and fighting skills.
The back-seater reduces the pilot’s workload in long-range PGM encounters, in nighttime operations and on protracted missions with in-flight refuelling.
The main features of the Su-30MK2 fighter are the following:
an improved fire control system boasting enhanced surface-target capabilities;
an advanced cockpit management system;
an improved navigation and communications suite;
more sophisticated self-defense electronic countermeasures (ECM) suite;
an expanded air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons suite with the ordnance mounted externally on 12 hardpoints;
an in-flight refueling system;
reinforced airframe and landing gear provide for the aircraft operation with max combat load and fuel capacity with take-off weight up to 38 tones.
The fire control system of Su-30MK2 provides for detection, tracking and hitting by onboard weapons aerial and surface targets round the clock and in any weather.
The fire control system comprises two major subsystems:
fire control subsystem for air-to-air weapon includes radar sighting system, optronic sight system, and head-up display system;
fire control subsystem for air-to-surface weapon provides for the use of a wide spectrum of air-to-surface high-precision weapons, and for the indication of targets designation, flight and navigation data on four 4-х multifunction displays located on the cockpits’ instrument panels.
The mainstay of the cockpit management system are four colour multifunction liquid crystal displays (LCD) and head up-display (in the fore cockpit only). These displays show all required digital and visual target designation, flight and navigation data as well as data on the aircraft systems status. Along with the multifunction LCDs, the instrument panel houses traditional electromechanical instruments, which act mostly as backups.
The radar used on Su-30MK2 in the air-to-air engagement ensures the following:
searching for aerial targets;
detected targets identification;
attacking the targets with medium- and short-range missiles featuring different guidance;
searching for, locking on and tracking a visual target in dogfights.
In the air-to-surface mode, the radar ensures the following:
all-weather acquisition and positioning of radio-contrast surface targets;
surface targets designation data supply to provide the Kh-31A, Kh-35E, and Kh-59MK air-to-ship missiles application.
Optical-electronic sighting system comprising the Optical location station and Helmet-mounted target designation system (HMS). The Optical location station (OLS) of Su-30MK2 is a combination of an infrared search and track system (IRST) and a laser rangefinder/target designator .It is designed to track aerial targets both in the front and rear hemispheres using their infrared signature. It also can be used for the laser ranging of aerial and surface targets as well as for illuminating surface targets by the laser beam for air-to-surface missiles with semi-active laser homing heads application.
The Su-30MK2 weapon suite includes the built-in GSh-301 30-mm automatic single-barrel high-rate-of-fire cannon with ammunition load of 150 rounds, missiles, rockets and bombs mounted externally on 12 hardpoints under wings and fuselage.
The air-to-air weapon suite includes medium-range missiles of the R-27 type – R-27T1, R-27ET1 heat-seeking missiles, R-27R1, R-27ER1 semi-active radar-homing missiles, R-27P1 and R-27EP1 missiles; RVV-AE medium-range active radar-homing missiles; and R-73E short-range heat-seeking missiles.
The Su-30MK2 fighter has wide range of guided and unguided weapons used to destroy surface targets.
The air-to-surface guided weapon of the Su-30MK2 fighter consists of the Kh-59ME, Kh-35E and Kh-59MK missiles; the Kh-31A medium-range high-speed anti-ship active radar-homing missiles; the Kh-31P medium-range antiradar passive radar-homing missiles; Kh-29T, Kh-29TE TV-homing missiles or Kh-29L laser-homing short-range missiles; KAB-1500Kr TV-homing bomb and KAB-500Kr (KAB-500-OD) guided bombs.
The unguided air-to-surface weapons include bombs of 500-kg, 250-kg, and 100-kg caliber, cluster bombs, incendiary tanks, and S-8, S-13, and S-25-OFM rockets as well.
The Design Bureau started work to produce a Su-30-based two-seat attack aircraft designated Su-30MKK for China’s Air Forces in 1997, A.I. Knyshev having been appointed chief designer of the project. Under the contract, the Komsomolsk-on-Amur production plant (KnAAPO) was named as the general contractor. The Design Bureau produced a detailed design in 1997-98; the prototype planes were made in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in 1998-99. The new version of the two-seater was based to a great extent on the design solutions adopted for the Su-27SK and the single-seat fighter Su-27M. As a result, the Su-30MKK incorporated, for all intents and purposes without any redesign, the Su-27M’s centre wing section, wing panels, air intakes, tail beams, fins and landing gear and the Su-27SK’s tail-end fuselage assemblies. This way, the design scope was reduced dramatically, without any new components required for building the aircraft except for the nose. Besides, the production plant had already gained experience in setting up production of a two-seat trainer at the beginning of the ’80s.
The first prototype was built in the spring of 1999, the Su-30MKK-1 having been taken off the ground for its maiden flight on 20th May 1999 by test pilots I.Ye. Solovyov (Design Bureau) and A.V. Pulenko (KnAAPO). The first four pre-production planes were handed over to the Design Bureau for testing. The testing was conducted jointly with SPFC of the Air Forces in 1999-2001, with the first 10 production Su-30MKK planes delivered to the customer in December 2000.
Su-30MKK design highlights:
– The plane features upgraded equipment of Russian manufacture, which includes a new version of radar with target designation and mapping capabilities; OSTS with target illumination using a laser beam; a GPS system, and a coloured multi-function LCDs in the cockpit, etc.;
– The ADO line-up has been upgraded with the addition of RVV-AYe air-to-air guided missile; Kh-29L/T/TYe, Kh-31P, Kh-59M air-to-ground missiles; and KAB-500 and KAB-1500 guided bombs. The Su-30MKK has been used as a platform to produce an upgraded version, the Su-30MK2, which differs from the parent version in its weapons and equipment systems configuration; planes of this type were been supplied to China in 2003. In addition, Su-30MK type aeroplanes were supplied to Indonesia in 2003.